We have already established that the Bible records eight covenants that God made between Himself and other parties throughout the Old Testament. We identified two types of covenants, conditional and unconditional. These covenantal agreements drive all of history, including what happened in the New Testament. Let’s take a close look at the first covenant of the Bible, the Edenic Covenant.
The name of the covenant refers to the beautiful garden that Adam enjoyed living in after God created him. The name of the covenant is not important. How it operated is. The Edenic Covenant was a conditional agreement made between God and Adam. Adam acted as the representative head of his family. As members of the human race, we are all occupy a place in Adam’s family tree.
In a conditional covenant, both parties are given things that they must do if it is to remain in effect. Read Genesis 2:15 – 17 again. Can you identify the if/then formula of a conditional Edenic Covenant. If Adam disobeyed God and ate from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good & Evil, he was told that he would die. The implication was that Adam’s obedience to God’s command insured that God would keep him alive. Adam would not die.
Age of Innocence
Adam and Eve were created in perfection. They had no reason to fear God. Why? They did not fear God because they were completely innocent. They had never done nothing wrong. Think about this for a moment. How different would your life be if you could remain an innocent from the moment you exited your mother’s womb? How would our world be different? All one need do is read Genesis 2 for glimpse of what this could have been like. Imagine a perfect world where there is no danger, no death. God walked daily in the Garden of Eden enjoying unhindered fellowship with the first couple, and they enjoyed Him. There was nothing to stand between the created and their Creator. There was only one thing God required of them. They were to believe and live forever. It was just that simple.
Adam did not obey God’s command and the plague of Adam’s disobedience spread throughout the entire world. The DNA of Adam’s sin has been passed to all of his descendants, including me and you. Romans 5:12 states: Just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, so death spread to all men. Adam’s problem has become our problem. Most people choose to reject the idea of sin. But the fact remains, death is the result of sin. Everyone sins. Everyone dies!
Humanity’s sin is rooted in a deep seated lie. Nothing has changed. It is the lie first given voice in the Garden of Eden by Satan himself. Speaking to Eve, Satan called God a liar! “Indeed, has God said? God knows that in the day that you eat from it (the tree), your eyes will be opened, and YOU will be like God, knowing good and evil” (Genesis 3:4-5) . Six thousand years later, every person born shakes a fist at God and says, “I will be my own God!”
We cannot change reality, no matter how much we may want to. God will never share His place with anyone. For his rebellion, Satan and those who followed him were cast out of heaven to the earth (Ezekiel 28:12-19). Because of their rebellion, Adam and Eve were cast out of the Garden of Eden. Those who God created will never sit on the throne of their Creator.
In the same way, our own personal sin breaks our relationship with God, it also manifests itself in broken relationships between us and other people. Consider the marriage of Adam and Eve. Read Genesis 2:18-25, taking special note of verses 24 & 25. Before their fall from God’s grace, the man and the woman were one flesh, inseparable. They were naked and not ashamed. Their nakedness involved more than just the absence of clothing. At the deepest level of their being their oneness provided complete openness and support for each other. Imagine! Theirs was a marriage with no shame! It is almost impossible to envision a marriage between men and women where there aren’t shameful secrets are not covered in their past.
Read Genesis 3 once again very carefully. Pay attention to the important details. Here are some questions for you to consider:
Where was Adam when Satan spoke to Eve?
How did Adam and Eve die in the day they chose to be their own God?
How did this affect all of humanity for the rest of time?
Who did Adam blame when confronted by God with his own personal disobedience?
What happened to the perfect marriage Adam and Eve enjoyed after they sinned against God?
How has this impacted the lives of husbands and wives to this very day?
What did God do to cover Adam and Eve’s shame and restore their relationship with Him?